Ai Figli Caduti – war memorials in italy
Many war memorials in Italy are explicitly explicitly gruesome spelling out the suffering and death young men in uniform. The question is why?
I have started collecting war memorials in Italy. Every time I come to a new city, I photograph their ai Figli Caduti setup, like the one above from Castrovillari in Calabria. So far my collection counts about a dozen photos, but it is fairly new, and I have no doubt it will grow.
It started out with a real distaste for the grotesque war memorials occupying the main piazza in all Italian cities regardless of size. Nowhere else in Europe, have I seen so many explicitly gruesome depictions of war, suffering and death. National Mall in Washington is understated in comparison.
Italian war memorials are so extremely direct in their symbolism that you feel urged to hold your hand over the eyes of children, to protect them from the morbid sight. To increase the emotional impact, the council often adds a list of names of all the city’s fallen soldiers, so you inadvertently find yourself faced with a very personal and local tragedy, which – by the way – happens to have taken place almost a hundred years ago. It is a wonder why Italians find such revocations of history cum collective memory constructions necessary.
To search for an explanation I began to study the monuments in more detail. Some of them are tasteful and classic in the sense of a small plaque, an obelisk or an eagle on a Greek column. Others are bombastic, huge, ugly blocks of granite or concrete. And there are soldiers’ helmets with gun holes through. Piles of lifeless bodies in slightly chipped ceramics. Proud warriors ready to defend the nation. Soldiers or angels, who carry around a dead comrade, while Nike raises a laurel wreath of victory. And gigantic, arches of triumph, which in many cases seem inversely proportional to city’s size.
Apart from that I still have not managed to see a connection between monument design and the city’s soul. Is the population of the cities showing brave soldiers willing to fight to defend the common values, happier and more optimistic than neighboring towns commemorating their dead with a hole in the head? Why do some cities prefer horror to heroes?
The deeper meaning eludes me, but at least the war memorials must have created work and a steady source of income for a small army of sculptors. So they do serve a purpose – and their diversity in design and materials is downright amazing.
Other notes similar to this one on war memorials in Italy
Great observation! I have noticed numerous monuments as well with long lists of names even in the small mountain villages here in VCO. I live in Verbania, home of General Cadorno, who built the Cadorna line to protect Italy from intruders through Switzerland and has a memorial here at the lakeside … this way you can now go to the mountains with baby strollers, very comfy…
Interesting. I’ve only passed through Verbania and the region bordering Switzerland, but that path to the mountains makes me want to go back.
As you know, due to it’s location Italy has been raided, invaded + contested over many, many times in herstory. Even in WW2 for eg. England was bombed but we did most of our fighting on foreign soil, whereas Italy got trampled over from Sicily to the Alps. That’s 1 reason why they could be so many.
There’s a real death wish undercurrent to western society too. Otherwise there wouldn’t be so many suicides + wars. But most countries try to conceal it (except on designated days) whereas Italy’s culture being what it is, they seem to have made an art form out of it. Italy has a very opposite nature, people are captivated by it + by how beautiful + “fertile” it is, but the opposite of all that is, it does have a very Machiavellian, death + decay, suffering side too. So it show’s up in it’s “grotesque” art + it’s not only war memorials, some cities like Palermo + Naples show off skeletons for peoples’ viewing pleasure too! I can’t imagine my local council ever doing that? Men also want to leave a legacy. There’s glory in death + sacrifice we’re told. So perhaps the architects in some small way, wanted to honour + do justice to that? While the government want a reminder to show that their citizens “serve + protect.” That was a bit long but your “why” got me wondering too. It’s only a thought but I prefer to think of it like that, rather than think that the government + council’s have done it on purpose to keep everyone fearful + depressed. : )
Interesting thoughts that would be worth pursuing, and I particularly agree with your last comment :D