10 Facts About Pasta
10 facts about pasta of the more or less useless kind with a high entertainment value. Especially BBC’s hilarious ‘spaghetti grows on trees’ hoax from the 1950s.
Federico Fellini is quoted for saying that ‘Life is a combination of magic and pasta.’ Here are some of the useless facts that have brought the magic of pasta to life.
1. No – It Wasn’t Marco Polo
Pasta originates in China or Greece, but it’s a myth that the concept of combining flour and water was brought to Italy by Marco Polo upon his return from China in the 13th Century. Utensils used for pasta making have been found in Etruscan tombs and South Italians claim it was introduced to Sicily by the Arabs. Still, Italy can claim the King of pasta title due to its strong affinity to the territory, the development of manufacturing techniques and culinary combinations.
2. Macaroni Hair Style
In the mid-eighteenth century, “macaroni” referred to an overblown hairstyle as well as to the dandy wearing it. The expression was coined after young English aristocrats returned home from a grand tour of Italy bringing with them foreign affectations.
3. Pasta and the Industrial Revolution
At first, dry pasta was a luxury item in Italy, because of high labour costs, as the semolina had to be kneaded for a long time. Only after the industrial revolution in Naples, when a mechanical process allowed for large scale production of dry pasta, did it become affordable and popular among the common people.
4. No Sticky Flour
The founder of one of the world’s leading pasta makers, Pietro Barilla, is said to have dusted flour on the sleeve of his black suit on a daily basis. If he could blow the flour off without a trace, it meant that the flour was dry and finely grained and perfect for pasta making.
5. Spaghetti Grows on Trees
April 1 in 1957, the BBC made everyone believe that spaghetti grows on trees. At the time, spaghetti was considered by many as an exotic delicacy. The spoof programme explained how severe frost can impair the flavour of the spaghetti and how each strand of spaghetti always grows to the same length. This is believed to be one of the first times television was used to stage an April Fools Day hoax.
6. Unappetizing names
There are more than 600 pasta shapes worldwide, but in Italian pasta names don’t sound particularly appetizing. Spaghetti means strings, vermicelli are small worms, farfalle are butterflies, orechiette small ears, linguine little tongues and ravioli little turnips.
7. Don’t Use a Spoon to Eat Spaghetti
Italians never use a spoon and a fork when eating spaghetti. This is an American habit. In Italy you simply twirl a fork against the dish.
8. The Italian Diet
Every Italian from newborns to elders eat 26 kilo pasta a year. Venezuelans come in second with only half that amount.
9. Export Goods
The value of Italian pasta exports has doubled over the last ten years to 1.8 billion euro in 2009, according to figures from Coldiretti. One of every four plates of pasta consumed anywhere in the world is Italian. More than 6 000 companies and 30 000 people work in the Italian pasta industry.
10. World Pasta Day
October 25th is World Pasta Day.